London's Architecture

by Fitzroy of London

Many of the best-designed architecture in Europe can be found in London. A city world-renowned for its architecture; from old to new, traditional to contemporary, art deco to gothic, and many styles in between, there are hundreds of great buildings in the capital.

As well as obvious architectural landmarks like St. Paul’s Cathedral, Big Ben and Westminster Abbey, the city is home to impeccably designed buildings and structures.

Fitzroy of London have complied a list of some of the spectacular works of architecture in the capital that we think are worth admiring:

Houses of Parliament

More than 1000 years of history can be discovered at London’s magnificent Houses of Parliament, stretching beautifully around the corners of Westminster and housing Big Ben, view it from the bank of the Thames and admire a building that continues to remain one of the capital’s biggest attractions.

St. Pancras Renaissance London Hotel

Formerly the St. Pancras Chambers, the Renaissance London Hotel is a hub of magnificence, stretching widely across the back of St. Pancras train station and containing a clock tower more than 80 metres (260 feet) high. It has more than 200 rooms and a grand staircase that will take your breath away.

Battersea Power Station

Located on the south bank of the River Thames in Battersea, south west London, this Grade-II listed coal-fired power station has been in use for more than 30 years but has recently cemented itself as one of London’s most popular landmarks. It is the largest brick building in Europe and is known for its lavish art deco fittings and interior.

The Gherkin

The Gherkin is situated in the heart of London’s financial district and was designed by legendary architect Norman Foster. The Gherkin is often used as one of London’s best examples of brilliant contemporary architecture. Visit the restaurant on level 39 for a 360-degree view of the London skyline.

The Barbican Centre

The Barbican Centre hosts regular film screenings, art exhibitions and other events. It is surrounded by the Barbican Housing Estate, making it tricky to navigate round its multiple entrances, but giving it a unique architectural feel.

The Shard

The Shard is one of London’s famous skyscrapers, Renzo Piano, its designer, is said to have been inspired by London’s railway lined when building this 95-floor behemoth.

British Museum

The British Museum is London’s most popular attraction by visitor numbers. Full of exhibitions of artefacts from all over the world, it has been houses by the magnificent Montagu House, Bloomsbury, and has been there for more than 250 years. It was designed in the Greek Revival style by famous British Architect, Sir Robert Smirke.

Tower Bridge

London has many bridges connecting the north with the south, each designed in a more unique and more interesting way than the last. Tower Bridge connects Southwark with Tower Hamlets and consists of two bridge towers tied together by horizontal walkways. In 1977, the colour scheme was changed to red, white and blue to celebrate the Queen’s Silver Jubilee.

Christ Church, Spitalfields

Designed by Nicholas Hawksmoor and completed in 1729, Christ Church in Spitalfields is a beautiful example of English Baroque architecture.

Leadenhall Market

The history of Leadenhall Market goes back to the 14th century. Wrought iron and glass were added to the structure in an 1881 renovation by the architect Sir Horace Jones, giving the market its famous Victorian style.

Strawberry Hill House, Twickenham

Designed by Horace Walpole in the 18th century, Strawberry Hill House in Twickenham is known for its striking Georgian Gothic revival style.

Greater London House, Mornington Crescent

Formerly home to the Carreras Cigarette Factory, Greater London House in Mornington Crescent is one of London’s coolest Art Deco buildings. Designed in an Egyptian Revival style.

Senate House

Home to the University of London’s library, Senate House is an impressive Art Deco building in Bloomsbury that was designed by Charles Holden in the 1930s.

Leadenhall Building

Leadenhall Building – or the Cheesegrater – is another structure designed by Richard Rogers. Its wedge-like shape, angled at 10 degrees, gives the skyscraper character, while offering exquisite views of the nearby landmarks, like St. Paul’s Cathedral and The Gherkin to those inside.

King’s Cross Station

The Station’s stunning transformation by John McAlsan and Partners includes a giant web-like structure that spreads throughout the train terminal.

British Library

Designed by the architect Colin St John Wilson, London’s Grade I-listed British Library is home to the world’s largest collection of books – and a stunning, sleek interior made up of wavy staircases and sharp lines.

Old Royal Naval College

The Christopher Wren-designed college is the focal point of the historic district of Maritime Greenwich, which is situated along the River Thames. In 1977, UNESCO named the London Borough a World Heritage Site.

St. Paul’s Cathedral

Another historic Sir Christopher Wren building, the cathedral is an example of Baroque architecture. St Paul’s is also home to several murals, mosaics and sculptures, including Henry Moore’s 1983 work, Mother and Child.

Drapers’ Hall

Originally purchased in the 16th century to be the meeting place of Drapers’ guild, the Hall boasts numerous period rooms, many of which maintain their original décor. These include an exquisite Victorian livery hall, a court hall and a drawing room.

Royal Albert Hall

This still-operational, Grade I listed music and performance venue had its foundation stone laid by Queen Victoria in 1876. The structure features a storied mosaic frieze, a glazed-iron roof and a monumental Henry Willis organ.

Kensington Palace

Sir Christopher Wren’s Kensington Palace opened in 1899 and was the birthplace of Queen Victoria.

BAPS Shri Swaminarayan Mandir

Also called the Neasden Hindu Temple, this stunning and tranquil destination is an intricate example of Indian design and workmanship. The temple and surrounding grounds are open to the public.

Buckingham Palace

London’s 775-room royal residence can be recognised by its ornate exterior gates and bearskin hat-clad guards. The palace is the Queen’s official London home.

The BT Tower

The BT Tower is a communications tower located in Fitzrovia, London and is owned by the BT Group. It has been previously known as the GPO Tower, the Post Office Tower and the Telecom Tower. The main structure is 177 metres high, with a further section of aerial rigging bringing the total height to 191 metres.

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